The technology of wood carving in ancient times had not yet adequately understood. Expand the boundaries of our knowledge in this industry wood helps a comprehensive analysis of unique wooden objects stored in museums in Egypt, Germany and the Russian Federation. Collection of wooden objects from the carving in the museum years. Berlin, Cairo, and the State Hermitage's extensive, representative and representative not only from the standpoint of cultural history, semantics and semiotics of images, but also for special studies on the processing of wood in ancient times. Chronologically artifacts cover the period from 3 to 30 Dynasty (2700–305 years. BC er.). Preliminary analysis of these sources has revealed the main components of technology woodcarving.